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Michael, Michael,

Who is Michael?

SEE ALSO The Archangel Michael 2


This is a more important question than it may first appear. Michael is identified in the Bible as an Archangel.

The identity of Michael becomes of prime importance when it is linked with Jesus Christ. Various groups do teach that Jesus Christ is Michael, primarily the Jehovah's Witnesses.

First they taught in the Watchtower of November 1879 that "Michael is not the Son of God", and continued this view into the Watchtower of March 1883, correctly stating that Jesus has "a nature superior to the angels". By 1926, in "The Finished Mystery" Michael was identified as "the Pope" (of Rome). However, over the years their doctrine has evolved into the teaching that Jesus Christ is Michael the Archangel. The "Reasoning" book says on page 218, "...the Son of God was known as Michael before he came to earth and is known also by that name since his return to heaven...". What an about-face!

The Seventh-day Adventists teach that Jesus Christ is Michael, while at the same time being God! The Mormons, (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), on the other hand, teach that Michael came down to earth and became the first man, Adam, in the Garden of Eden. He supposedly brought one of his celestial wives with him and started the human race!

With all this confusion over the identity of Michael, we need to know for sure just who Michael is, according to scripture. The name "Michael" means "who is like to God", or "who is like God?"

Some have suggested that this meaning sounds like a description of Jesus Christ, but does it? To adequately answer this question, we need to look carefully at ALL scriptures dealing with Michael, and see if they line up with other scriptures describing Jesus Christ.

Could Jesus be Michael, or could He not be Michael? Let's let the Bible speak. On the other side of this tract you will find a chart dealing with all the scriptures on Michael, and their application. Who is Michael ?


DANIEL 10:13

."...Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me, for I had been left there with the Kings of Persia". [NAS]



Michael is only one of several other "chief princes". He is not unique.



Jesus is never called "Chief Prince" in the Bible. It is not one of His titles. He is called, however "King of Kings" and Lord of Lords." [Rev. 19:16]


DANIEL 10:21

"...Yet there is no one who stands firmly with me against these forces except Michael your prince." [NAS]



Michael is portrayed as "your prince". That is, the "prince" for the exiled nation of Israel, who fights for them. This battle is between angelic forces.



Jesus does have angelic forces with him when He fights [see Mat. 25:31], but He is never referred to as the "Prince" of these forces, rather He is identified as "the King" [Matt. 25:34]



"Now at that time Michael, the great prince who stands guard over the sons of your people will arise...". [NAS]



Michael is here portrayed as a "great prince" who stands guard over Israel. Possibly a guardian angel.



1. Jesus is never called a "great prince" in the Bible, nor a guardian.


"But Michael the archangel, when he disputed with the devil and argued about the body of Moses, did not dare pronounce against him a railing judgment, but said, "THE LORD REBUKE YOU". [NAS]



1. Michael is an Archangel. The New American Standard Concordance p.1636 lists the meaning of "Archangel" as " a chief angel". This agrees with Daniel 10:13.

2. Michael did not dare to rebuke Satan.

3. Michael spoke of "The Lord" ["Kurios" in Greek] rebuking Satan.



Jesus is not a "Chief Angel", nor is He a "Chief OVER the angels" as the SDA's have tried to twist the scriptures to say.

2. Whereas Michael did not have the power to rebuke Satan, Jesus rebuked Satan many times. [see Matt.17:18, Mark 9:25, etc.] Therefore Jesus is not Michael.

3. Michael referred to "the Lord" as separate from himself. "The Lord" is a New Testament reference to Jesus, and an Old Testament reference to YHWH.



"And there was war in heaven, Michael and his angels waging war with the dragon, And the dragon and his angels waged war."



Michael is fighting at the head of his angels, which is only proper, since he is a chief angel.



Revelation 12:5, 6 just previous to this scripture portrays Christ as a "male", a "son". Verse 10 following calls Him "Christ". Jesus is not called an angel in the book of Revelation.




"For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trumpet of God; and the dead in Christ shall rise first." [NAS]



1. The Lord Himself descends.

2. "with" shouting.

3. "with" the voice of the archangel.

4. "with" the trumpet of God.


1. The Lord Jesus Christ is identified.

2.-4. All these things are WITH Christ, "a shout", "the voice of the archangel", and the trumpet of God". If we say this verse is saying that Jesus is an archangel because the voice of the archangel is WITH HIM , then we must also say that Jesus is "a shout", "a voice", and "a trumpet"! Ridiculous!

SEE ALSO The Archangel Michael 2 

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